Under President Ilham Aliyev, the economy of Azerbaijan has expanded spectacularly. An oil boom has fueled a 10 fold increase in the size of its economy since he took power in 2003.
But under Aliyev, the country of 10 million has been one of the hardest and cruelest places in the world for journalists. According to Freedom House, Azerbaijan’s government has used spurious charges to jail journalists and human rights activists. Disseminating information that harms the “honor and dignity” of Aliyev is a criminal offense.
Journalists’ telephone calls and internet activity are regularly monitored. Most notoriously, it tried to embarrass the well-known investigative reporter Khadija Ismayilova by secretly recording and leaking a sex tape of her and her boyfriend in her apartment.
When that failed to silence her reporting on issues like the Aliyev family’s business interests, she was jailed in 2014 and later convicted of tax evasion, abuse of power and illegal business activity. She was recently released this year, as were a number of other political prisoners.
On this edition of Global Journalist, a look at whether the release of her and others is this a new dawn for free expression in Azerbaijan.
Our guests this week:
- Khadija Ismayilova, Azerbaijani investigative journalist for outlets including Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.
- Arzu Geybulla, Azerbaijani reporter and blogger who is now a visiting scholar at George Washington University.
- Rasul Jafarov, Azerbaijani lawyer and human rights activist who spent 593 days in jail before being released in March.
- Melody Patry, senior advocacy officer at the free speech group Index on Censorship.